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自动焊接专机的使用三大类介绍

来源:http://hljyangguangshangcheng.com/  发布时间:2022-11-01 浏览次数:

焊接专机,我们在日常生活、工作中都经常用到,但不知道大家对“山东焊接专机”是否知道呢?这里给大家讲解下它的分类。
We often use the special welding machine in our daily life and work, but do you know about the "automatic welding machine"? Here we will explain its classification.
开环控制型
Open loop control type
该类焊接专机的控制系统一般采用开环控制,即采用控制系统预先设置参数,由执行元件按控制程序顺序执行。这类设备结构简单,技术要求和成本相对较低,所以得到了大量的使用。
The control system of this kind of special welding machine generally adopts open loop control, that is, the control system is used to set parameters in advance, and the executive elements execute according to the control program sequence. This kind of equipment has simple structure, relatively low technical requirements and costs, so it has been widely used.
由于在焊接过程中,焊接参数的波动不能进行闭环的反馈控制,焊接机头或焊接工件的运动只能按照预先的规定路径或轨迹进行,不能够随着工件焊缝的变化而变化,因此,在使用过程中,应保证工件的一致性和焊缝的配合精度,才能达到提高焊接效率和产品焊接质量的可靠性。
Because in the welding process, the fluctuation of welding parameters cannot be controlled by closed-loop feedback, and the movement of the welding head or welding workpiece can only be carried out according to the predetermined path or trajectory, and cannot change with the change of the workpiece weld. Therefore, in the use process, the consistency of the workpiece and the matching accuracy of the weld should be ensured, so as to improve the welding efficiency and the reliability of the product welding quality.
自适应控制
adaptive control 
该类专机是一种自动化程度较高的焊接设备。它配备传感器和电子检测线路,对焊缝的轨迹自动导向和跟踪,有的设备还可以对焊接参数如焊接电流、焊接电压、焊接速度等实现闭环控制,整个焊接过程按预先设置的程序和工艺参数自动完成。
This kind of special machine is a kind of welding equipment with high degree of automation. It is equipped with sensors and electronic detection circuits to automatically guide and track the weld trajectory. Some equipment can also realize closed-loop control of welding parameters such as welding current, welding voltage, welding speed, etc. The entire welding process is automatically completed according to the preset procedures and process parameters.
该焊接专机采用了弧长跟踪器和焊枪摆动器。由于工件表面的凹凸不平,需要焊枪随着工件表面的高低不平,需要进行上下运动,以保持焊枪与工件表面的距离一致,从而保证电弧的稳定性。同时可以自动实现多层焊接。
This special welding machine adopts arc length tracker and welding torch wiggler. Due to the unevenness of the workpiece surface, the welding gun needs to move up and down with the unevenness of the workpiece surface to keep the distance between the welding gun and the workpiece surface consistent, so as to ensure the stability of the arc. At the same time, multi-layer welding can be realized automatically.
山东焊接专机
若焊接两层,当焊接完一周后,跟踪器检测到表面高度增加,则可以自动将焊枪提高。
If two layers are welded, the tracker can automatically raise the welding gun when it detects that the surface height increases after one week of welding.
智能化
Intelligence
它利用各类高级传感元件,如视觉传感器、触角传感器、光敏传感器等,并借助计算机软件系统、数据库、专家系统而具有识别、判断、实时检测、运算、自动编程、焊接参数调用等,操作人员只需在人机界面上输入材料的牌号、板厚、坡口形式、焊丝牌号和直径、焊剂或保护气体种类等,焊接工艺参数自动生成或调用相应参数。即可完成全自动焊接。
It uses various advanced sensing elements, such as visual sensor, antenna sensor, photosensitive sensor, etc., and with the help of computer software systems, databases, expert systems, it has the ability to identify, judge, real-time detect, calculate, automatically program, call welding parameters, etc. The operator only needs to input the material grade, plate thickness, groove form, welding wire grade and diameter, welding flux or shielding gas type on the human-computer interface, Welding process parameters are automatically generated or called. Fully automatic welding can be completed.
由于这类设备成本非常高,实际影响焊接质量的因素很多,比如气体的纯度,流量,焊接电流,电压,电源输入的波动,工件的水汽或锈蚀、焊缝的宽窄,焊缝的高低等等,所以很难真正完成智能化焊接,在实际生产中很少用到。
Because the cost of such equipment is very high, there are many factors that actually affect the welding quality, such as the purity of gas, flow, welding current, voltage, fluctuation of power input, moisture or rust of workpiece, width of weld, height of weld, etc., so it is difficult to really complete intelligent welding, which is rarely used in actual production.
自动焊接专机焊接完成后自动退回,人工或机械手取下工件,其组成主要由焊接系统、机械系统、电气控制系统构成。您在此操作期间要注意安全才是,更多相关内容就来我们网站http://hljyangguangshangcheng.com咨询吧!
The special automatic welding machine will automatically return after welding, and the workpiece will be taken down manually or mechanically. It is mainly composed of welding system, mechanical system and electrical control system. You should pay attention to security during this operation. More relevant content will come to our website http://hljyangguangshangcheng.com Consult!

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